There may be exceptions to this age requirement: if the contract is z.B. for a “necessity” (such as your training, your job or if you buy food), it will be mandatory. However, if the contract is not necessary, perhaps a mobile phone contract or a contract to buy a car, then a person under the age of 18 cannot sign and be bound by the contract. In other words, the terms of the contract will not apply to a minor under the age of 18. Of course, people under the age of 18 sign contracts for a variety of reasons and then have to deal with the consequences. Be careful, however, because a person under the age of 18 can still be prosecuted (for example, if you lied about your age when you signed the contract). You should note that the Supreme Court of SA may enforce the terms of a contract with a minor, provided that an application is submitted to the Court of Justice before the contract is concluded. These confidentiality agreements can be reciprocal when both parties deivate inside information, or a simple agreement in which one party discloses and the other party simply receives the confidential information. However, emancipation is a drastic action and should probably not be sought solely to sign the NDA. More recently, however, the law now uses the word “child” to refer to a minor previously classified as a minor.
It is confusing, because in the common language, we would probably not speak of a child of sixteen or seventeen years. We continue to use the word “minor.” However, if the agreement and its terms are in the best interests of the minor. B, such as protecting the confidentiality of a patent for a gadget they invented, a parent or guardian can co-signer and some jurisdictions will find the contract binding. Emancipated minors can obtain work permits, be brought to court, sign confidentiality and other contracts, make health care decisions, get married, etc., which vary slightly between jurisdictions. Today, it is not uncommon for miners to sign contracts. If the minor decides to respect the confidentiality agreement for any longer, to apply its conditions or to fulfil all its obligations, they are entirely within their right to terminate the contract, no matter how many conditions have already been met, and there is nothing the other party can do about it. (In general.) These contracts often include individual confidentiality agreements or certain confidentiality clauses in employment contracts. For this and other reasons, minors enter into such legal and other contracts, as would any other businessman or businesswoman in the same situation. The key is that the confidentiality agreement must really be in the best interests of minors, without their interests being otherwise protected. A complex network of federal and regional laws, professional ethics and legal interpretations by different courts governs the right of minors to confidentiality during treatment.
Data protection issues are complex legal issues that rarely have a simple answer. Therapists, parents and others who have particular concerns about confidentiality may wish to speak to a lawyer who has made statements about the laws in their state. This is why national and federal laws will generally not apply a treaty signed by minors under the age of 18. The minor is considered to be insufficiently legally capable of understanding what he is signing. A child or adolescent has little reason to disclose information that they do not wish to share with their parents if there is no guarantee of confidentiality. But often the information they don`t want to disclose is the information that is most important to them in therapy. Legally, people under the age of 18 generally do not have the right to confidentiality in therapy. However, some therapists ask parents to accept the therapist`s confidentiality rules before treating the client.